Napoleon poisoning claims debunked

From Napoleon Poisoning Claims Debunked.

Napoleon Bonaparte did not die from arsenic poisoning, a new examination of the French emperor’s hair has established. (…)

Now, Italian scientists have repeated the hair testing using a small nuclear reactor. The study will be published in the March issue of the Italian journal Il Saggiatore.

Researchers from the universities of Pavia and Milan analyzed several hair samples that had been taken during different periods of Napoleon Bonaparte’s life — from when he was a boy in Corsica, during his exile on the Island of Elba, on the day of his death on the Island of Saint Helena, and on the day after his death.

Samples taken from Napoleon II (Bonaparte’s son) in the years 1812, 1816, 1821 and 1826, and samples from Napoleon’s wife the Empress Josephine, collected upon her death in 1814, were also analyzed.

In addition to those historical samples, obtained from various French and Italian museums, the researchers tested [continue]